Reference

Genes Dev. 2017 Jul 15;31(14):1456-1468. doi: 10.1101/gad.300244.117. Epub 2017 Aug 21. GD Cover Small

Authors

Simón-Carrasco L, Graña O, Salmón M, Jacob HKC, Gutierrez A, Jiménez G, Drosten M, Barbacid M.

Abstract

CIC (also known as Capicua) is a transcriptional repressor negatively regulated by RAS/MAPK signaling. Whereas the functions of Cic have been well characterized in Drosophila, little is known about its role in mammals. CIC is inactivated in a variety of human tumors and has been implicated recently in the promotion of lung metastases. Here, we describe a mouse model in which we inactivated Cic by selectively disabling its DNA-binding activity, a mutation that causes derepression of its target genes. Germline Cic inactivation causes perinatal lethality due to lung differentiation defects. However, its systemic inactivation in adult mice induces T-cell acute lymphoblastic lymphoma (T-ALL), a tumor type known to carry CIC mutations, albeit with low incidence. Cic inactivation in mice induces T-ALL by a mechanism involving derepression of its well-known target, Etv4 Importantly, human T-ALL also relies on ETV4 expression for maintaining its oncogenic phenotype. Moreover, Cic inactivation renders T-ALL insensitive to MEK inhibitors in both mouse and human cell lines. Finally, we show that Ras-induced mouse T-ALL as well as human T-ALL carrying mutations in the RAS/MAPK pathway display a genetic signature indicative of Cic inactivation. These observations illustrate that CIC inactivation plays a key role in this human malignancy.

 

Description

CIC (también conocido como Capicua) es un represor transcripcional negativamente regulado por la vía de Ras/MAPK. En este trabajo demostramos que su inactivación en ratones en línea germinal produce la muerte de los neonatos. Sin embargo, su inactivación en adultos induce el desarrollo de linfoma linfoblástico de células T y proporciona resistencia a inhibidores de la vía MAPK. Finalmente, hemos encontrado que hasta un 10% de los pacientes humanos con T-ALL albergan mutaciones en CIC.

 

 

Grupodic

 

REFERENCIA DEL GRUPO INVESTIGADOR

El grupo de “Oncología experimental” dirigido por Mariano Barbacid en el CNIO investiga los mecanismos implicados en el desarrollo de tumores prestando especial atención a aquellos inducidos por el oncogén KRAS y sus efectores. Utilizando modelos de ratón, buscan y validan dianas terapéuticas con el objetivo de establecer una combinación racional de terapias que puedan proporcionar un beneficio terapéutico significativo en la clínica.

 

Did you publish an interesting article recently?

Send it through our application form and we will contact you. Age limit: 32.

The selected articles will participate at the Award to the best article of young people of the SEBBM which will be given during SEBBM conference, that will take place at Spain (free registration, travel and accommodation).

More articles of the month

Macrophages promote endothelial-to-mesenchymal transition via MT1-MMP/TGFß after myocardial infarction

01-12-2020

Macrophages (Mφs) produce factors that participate in cardiac repair and remodeling after myocardial infarction (MI); however, how these factors crosstalk with other cell types mediating repair is not fully understood...

Read more

Cell identity and nucleo-mitochondrial genetic context modulate OXPHOS performance and determine somatic heteroplasmy dynamics

30-10-2020

Heteroplasmy, multiple variants of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) in the same cytoplasm, may be naturally generated by mutations but is counteracted by a genetic mtDNA bottleneck during oocyte development. Engineered heteroplasmic...

Read more

Mechanisms of autoregulation of C3G, activator of the GTPase Rap1, and its catalytic deregulation in lymphomas

01-10-2020

C3G is a guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF) that regulates cell adhesion and migration by activating the GTPase Rap1. The GEF activity of C3G is stimulated by the adaptor proteins...

Read more

Expression of the long non-coding RNA TCL6 is associated with clinical outcome in pediatric B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia

31-08-2020

The reciprocal translocation t(12;21)(p13;q22)[ETV6/RUNX1] is the most frequent chromosomal rearrangement in pediatric B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia(B-ALL). Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play important roles in numerous diseases and they represent an...

Read more

Evaluation of different approaches used to study membrane permeabilization by actinoporins on model lipid vesicles

30-07-2020

Release of aqueous contents from model lipid vesicles has been a standard procedure to evaluate pore formation efficiency by actinoporins, such as sticholysin II (StnII), for the last few decades...

Read more

ADAR1-mediated RNA editing is a novel oncogenic process in thyroid cancer and regulates miR-200 activity

01-07-2020

Adenosine deaminases acting on RNA (ADARs) convert adenosine to inosine in double-stranded RNA. A-to-I editing of RNA is a widespread posttranscriptional process that has recently emerged as an important mechanism...

Read more

Sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ decreases with age and correlates with the decline in muscle function in Drosophila

29-05-2020

Sarcopenia, the loss of muscle mass and strength associated with age, has been linked to impairment of the cytosolic Ca2+ peak that triggers muscle contraction, but mechanistic details remain unknown...

Read more

Structural basis for substrate specificity and catalysis of α1,6-fucosyltransferase

30-04-2020

Core-fucosylation is an essential biological modification by which a fucose is transferred from GDP-β-L-fucose to the innermost N-acetylglucosamine residue of N-linked glycans. A single human enzyme α1,6-fucosyltransferase (FUT8) is the...

Read more

Molecular basis for fibroblast growth factor 23 O-glycosylation by GalNAc-T3

31-03-2020

Polypeptide GalNAc-transferase T3 (GalNAc-T3) regulates fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) by O-glycosylating Thr178 in a furin proprotein processing motif RHT 178R ↓S. FGF23 regulates phosphate homeostasis and deficiency in GALNT3...

Read more

Identification of distinct maturation steps involved in human 40S ribosomal subunit biosynthesis

29-02-2020

Technical problems intrinsic to the purification of preribosome intermediates have limited our understanding of ribosome biosynthesis in humans. Addressing this issue is important given the implication of this biological process...

Read more

Protector Members