Referencia

PMID:22037172

Autores

Rubio-Cosials A, Sidow JF, Jiménez-Menéndez N, Fernández-Millán P, Montoya J, Jacobs HT, Coll M, Bernadó P, Solà M.

Resumen

Human mitochondrial transcription factor A, TFAM, is essential for mitochondrial DNA packaging and maintenance and also has a crucial role in transcription. Crystallographic analysis of TFAM in complex with an oligonucleotide containing the mitochondrial light strand promoter (LSP) revealed two high-mobility group (HMG) protein domains that, through different DNA recognition properties, intercalate residues at two inverted DNA motifs. This induced an overall DNA bend of ~180°, stabilized by the interdomain linker. This U-turn allows the TFAM C-terminal tail, which recruits the transcription machinery, to approach the initiation site, despite contacting a distant DNA sequence. We also ascertained that structured protein regions contacting DNA in the crystal were highly flexible in solution in the absence of DNA. Our data suggest that TFAM bends LSP to create an optimal DNA arrangement for transcriptional initiation while facilitating DNA compaction elsewhere in the genome.

Descripción

El factor de transcripción mitocondrial humano, TFAM, participa en la transcripción del ADN mitocondrial y en su empaquetamiento. La estructura cristalográfica del complejo TFAM con el promotor LSP muestra cómo dos dominios HMGbox unen el ADN y, juntamente con un linker helicoidal inter-dominio, doblan el DNA 180º, posicionando la cola C-terminal de TFAM cerca del sitio de la iniciación. El análisis de TFAM en solución muestra como el linker es altamente flexible y que se estructura tras la unión con el DNA.

Foto grupo Diciembre

REFERENCIA DEL GRUPO INVESTIGADOR
El objetivo de nuestro grupo es entender la base estructural de la regulación del ADN mitocondrial. En el laboratorio, se expresan y purifican proteínas, solas o en complejo con otras macromoléculas (proteínas, ADN), para caracterizar su función mediante ensayos bioquímicos y cristalográficos. Los resultados se complementan con técnicas de otras especialidades, en colaboración con otros grupos, para tener así una visión multidisciplinar lo más amplia posible del objeto de estudio.

Descárgate este artículo aquí.
Más artículos en la revista SEBBM.

Did you publish an interesting article recently?

Send it through our application form and we will contact you. Age limit: 32.

The selected articles will participate at the Award to the best article of young people of the SEBBM which will be given during SEBBM conference, that will take place at Spain (free registration, travel and accommodation).

More articles of the month

The Helicase PIF1 Facilitates Resection overSequences Prone to Forming G4 Structures

02-11-2018

DNA breaks are complex lesions that can be repaired either by non-homologous end joining (NHEJ) or by homologous recombination (HR). The decision between these two routes of DNA repair is...

Read more

Preventing loss of mechanosensation by the nuclear membranes of alveolar cells reduces lung injury in mice during mechanical ventilation

01-10-2018

The nuclear membrane acts as a mechanosensor that drives cellular responses following changes in the extracellular environment. Mechanically ventilated lungs are exposed to an abnormally high mechanical load that may...

Read more

Oxidative stress is tightly regulated by cytochrome c phosphorylation and respirasome factors in mitochondria

03-09-2018

Respiratory cytochrome c has been found to be phosphorylated at tyrosine 97 in the postischemic brain upon neuroprotective insulin treatment, but how such posttranslational modification affects mitochondrial metabolism is unclear...

Read more

STAT3 labels a subpopulation of reactive astrocytes required for brain metastasis

01-08-2018

The brain microenvironment imposes a particularly intense selective pressure on metastasis-initiating cells, but successful metastases bypass this control through mechanisms that are poorly understood. Reactive astrocytes are key components of...

Read more

A broad atlas of somatic hypermutation allows prediction of activation-induced deaminase targets

02-07-2018

Activation-induced deaminase (AID) initiates antibody diversification in germinal center (GC) B cells through the deamination of cytosines on immunoglobulin genes. AID can also target other regions in the genome, triggering...

Read more

Deciphering the Dynamic Transcriptional and Post-transcriptional Networks of Macrophages in the Healthy Heart and after Myocardial Injury

01-06-2018

Our group is interested in the behavior and transcriptional regulation of macrophages in the context of complex disease environments. We have generated a whole transcriptome dataset (mRNA, miRNA, and lincRNA)...

Read more

Synaptic activity‐induced glycolysis facilitates membrane lipid provision and neurite outgrowth

01-05-2018

La formación de nuevas neuritas es un proceso clave para el correcto desarrollo del sistema nervioso. El crecimiento neurítico requiere la generación de nuevas membranas. No obstante, los cambios metabólicos...

Read more

Mechanisms of bacterial membrane permeabilization by crotalicidin (Ctn) and its fragment Ctn(15-34), antimicrobial peptides from rattlesnake venom.

04-04-2018

La crotalicidina, un péptido del veneno de una serpiente de cascabel, tiene entre otras propiedades una potente acción antimicrobiana. Un fragmento resultante de la disección racional del péptido nativo presenta...

Read more

Functional optimization of broadly neutralizing HIV-1 antibody 10E8 by promoting membrane interactions

01-03-2018

El anticuerpo 10E8 representa uno de los anticuerpos anti-VIH con mayor cobertura de neutralización y potencia descrito a día de hoy. Su epítopo se localiza en una región próxima a...

Read more

Molecular mechanism for the subversion of the retromer coat by the Legionella effector RidL

01-02-2018

La legionelosis o enfermedad del legionario es una neumonía potencialmente fatal, causada por la bacteria Legionella pneumophila. Durante la infección, la bacteria trasloca un gran número de proteínas, llamadas efectores...

Read more

Protector Members