Referencia

Current Biology (2012) 22:1516-23.

Autores

Sdelci S*, Schütz M*, Pinyol R, Bertran MT, Regué L, Caelles C, Vernos I, Roig J. (*These authors contributed equally to this work)

Resumen

The accumulation of g-tubulin at the centrosomes during maturation is a key mechanism that ensures the formation of two dense microtubule (MT) asters in cells entering mitosis, defining spindle pole positioning and ensuring the faithful outcome of cell division. Centrosomal g-tubulin recruitment depends on the adaptor protein NEDD1/GCP-WD and is controlled by the kinase Plk1. Surprisingly, and although Plk1 binds and phosphorylates NEDD1 at multiple sites, the mechanism by which this kinase promotes the centrosomal recruitment of g-tubulin has remained elusive. Using Xenopus egg extracts and mammalian cells, we now show that it involves Nek9, a NIMA-family kinase required for normal mitotic progression and spindle organization. Nek9 phosphorylates NEDD1 on Ser377 driving its recruitment and thereby that of g-tubulin to the centrosome in mitotic cells. This role of Nek9 requires its activation by Plk1-dependent phosphorylation but is independent from the downstream related kinases Nek6 and Nek7. Our data contribute to understand the mechanism by which Plk1 promotes the recruitment of g-tubulin to the centro- some in dividing cells and position Nek9 as a key regulator of centrosome maturation.

Descripción

Los centrosomas son los principales centros de organización de microtúbulos de las células que los poseen. Durante la entrada en mitosis estos orgánulos "maduran", acumulando diferentes proteínas que les permitirán nuclear y organizar los microtúbulos necesarios para la formación del huso mitótico. En este trabajo describimos como, controlada por Plk1 y durante la entrada en mitosis, la quinasa de la familia NIMA Nek9 regula la acumulación centrosomal de una proteína clave para este proceso, el adaptador Nedd1, y como resultado el complejo nucleador de microtúbulos γ-TuRC. Se propone así un mecanismo que contribuye a comprender a nivel molecular la regulación de la maduración y su dependencia de Plk1.

imagen enero

REFERENCIA DEL GRUPO INVESTIGADOR

Los grupos de Joan Roig (IRB Barcelona) y Isabelle Vernos (CRG) colaboran en el estudio de la función de las proteína quinasas de la familia NIMA utilizando diferentes sistemas, líneas celulares de vertebrado y extractos de huevos de Xenopus laevis. El objetivo de esta colaboración es comprender mejor como estas quinasas regulan la formación del huso mitótico y la segregación de los cromosomas durante la mitosis.

Para ver el artículo completo, pulse aqui

Más artículos en la revista SEBBM.

¿Acabas de publicar un artículo interesante?

Manda la referencia a través de nuestro formulario.  Límite de edad 32 años. Los artículos seleccionados serán destacados como artículos del mes y participarán en el Premio al mejor artículo de jóvenes de la SEBBM, que se entregará en el congreso de la SEBBM (inscripción y alojamiento gratuitos).

Otros "Artículos del mes"

Self-Assembling ELR-Based Nanoparticles as Smart Drug-Delivery Systems Modulating Cellular Growth via Akt

15-10-2019

This work investigates the physicochemical properties and in vitro accuracy of a genetically engineered drug delivery system based on elastin-like block recombinamers. The DNA recombinant technics allowed us to create...

Leer más

Structure–Function of MamC Loop and Its Effect on the *in Vitro* Precipitation of Biomimetic Magnetite Nanoparticles

01-09-2019

MamC, an integral protein of the magnetosome membrane, has recently been proposed as a strong candidate to produce biomimetic (magnetosome-like) magnetite nanoparticles that could be used as an alternative to...

Leer más

Sticholysin, Sphingomyelin, and Cholesterol: A Closer Look at a Tripartite Interaction

01-08-2019

Actinoporins are a group of soluble toxic proteins that bind to membranes containing sphingomyelin (SM) and oli- gomerize to form pores. Sticholysin II (StnII) is a member of the actinoporin...

Leer más

Astrocytic mitochondrial ROS modulate brain metabolism and mouse behaviour

01-07-2019

To satisfy its high energetic demand, the brain depends on the metabolic cooperation of various cell types. For example, astrocytic-derived lactate sustains memory consolidation by serving both as an oxidizable...

Leer más

Glucose restriction promotes osteocyte specification by activating a PGC-1α-dependent transcriptional program

03-06-2019

Osteocytes, the most abundant of bone cells, differentiate while they remain buried within the bone matrix. This encasement limits their access to nutrients and likely affects their differentiation, a process...

Leer más

ParB dynamics and the critical role of the CTD in DNA condensation unveiled by combined force-fluorescence measurements

01-05-2019

/Bacillus subtilis/ ParB forms multimeric networks involving non-specific DNA binding leading to DNA condensation. Previously, we found that an excess of the free C-terminal domain (CTD) of ParB impeded DNA...

Leer más

Therapeutic targeting of HER2-CB2R heteromers in HER2-positive breast cancer

01-04-2019

Although human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-targeted therapies have dramatically improved the clinical outcome of HER2-positive breast cancer patients, innate and acquired resistance remains an important clinical challenge. New...

Leer más

p73 regulates ependymal planar cell polarity by modulating actin and microtubule cytoskeleton

01-03-2019

Planar cell polarity (PCP) and intercellular junctional complexes establish tissue structure and coordinated behaviors across epithelial sheets. In multiciliated ependymal cells, rotational and translational PCP coordinate cilia beating and direct...

Leer más

β‐RA reduces DMQ/CoQ ratio and rescues the encephalopathic phenotype in Coq9R239X mice

01-02-2019

Coenzyme Q (CoQ) deficiency has been associated with primary defects in the CoQ biosynthetic pathway or to secondary events. In some cases, the exogenous CoQ supplementation has limited efficacy. In...

Leer más

Small molecule inhibits α-synuclein aggregation, disrupts amyloid fibrils, and prevents degeneration of dopaminergic neurons

02-01-2019

Parkinson's disease (PD) is characterized by a progressive loss of dopaminergic neurons, a process that current therapeutic approaches cannot prevent. In PD, the typical pathological hallmark is the accumulation of...

Leer más

Socios Protectores